Login failed. Studying social inequality is therefore necessary for understanding and maintaining our democracies, as well as the people who inhabit them. In H. B. Kaplan (Ed.). A. Hornung, C. A. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Thoits, P. A. (1984). Social stratification implies social inequality; if some groups have access to more resources than others, the distribution of those resources is inherently unequal. The relationship of self-esteem to selected personal and environmental resources of adolescents. Recent evidence has demonstrated that different social environments do not only lead to differences in behaviour and exposure to risk, but durable physiological changes which pattern health throughout the life course [18]. Newacheck, P. W., Butler, L. H., Harper, A. K., Prontkowski, D. L., & Franks, P. E. (1980). Most of us are accustomed to thinking of stra… Barone, C., Weissberg, R. P., Kasprow, W. J., Voyce, C. K., Arthur, M. W., & Shriver, T. P. (1995). Our research needs to capture the complexity of health inequalities from the molecular to the societal level, but should also be compelling enough to be communicable to a wider audience. Salgado de Snyder, V. N. (1987). Eberts, P., & Schwirian, K. P. (1968). (1995). Halpern, R. (1993). Situational determinants of coping and coping effectiveness. The dissonant religious context and emotional disturbance. Loring, M., & Powell, B. Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. pp 321-344 | Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (1986). Rosenfield, S. (1989). These debates are ultimately debates over causality, specifically the causal relationship between social status, health, and the multiplicity of mechanisms and processes thought to mediate between them. (1990). Wilson, W. J. 2) Are individual life-style choices or social factors more important for explaining the maldistribution of health and illness? (1975). Elder, G. H., Jr.,Van Nguyen, T., & Caspi, A. (1991). Robinson, W. S. (1950). Health inequality research therefore needs not only to consider economic forms of inequality, but also how health is shaped by sexism, racism and other forms of social oppression and discrimination. Hughes, M., & Demo, D. H. (1989). Shelton, B. The stress of coping. Gender and marital status differences in control and distress: Common stress versus unique stress explanations. Caspi, A., & Elder, G. H., Jr. (1988). In F. Johnson (Ed.). Contextual determinants of children’s responses to poverty. (1984). The issue also provided the first comprehensive overview of non-communicable diseases and their determinants for the Nordic countries [2], and we also argued for a stronger integration of sociological theory in empirical research [3]. Social stratification refers to differential access to resources, power, autonomy, and status across social groups. It also requires a rejection of the idea that health inequalities may be traced back to a single-bullet cause or explanation. This can be accomplished in several, non-mutually exclusive ways. Health Inequality: An Introduction to Theories, Concepts and Methods. Lempers, J. D., Clark-Lempers, D., & Simons, R. L. (1989). Macro-micro links in gender stratification. Rural poverty, urban poverty, and psychological well-being. McLeod, J. D., & Shanahan, M. J. Ecological correlations and the behavior of individuals. Social patterns of distress. Pearlin, L. I. Gender differences in work and well-being: Effects of exposure and vulnerability. Perceived crime in the neighborhood and mental health of women and children. As this special issue illustrates, health inequality research at its best is characterized by a combination of scientific rigor and a strong political engagement. Due to the inherently cross-disciplinary nature of our subject matter, health inequality researchers have the potential to take a leading role in this endeavor. ), Pollitt, E. (1987). A disaggregation of the relationship between socioeconomic status and psychological distress. Socioeconomic differentials in health: A review and redirection. Economics and psychosocial dysfunction: Toward a conceptual framework and prevention strategies. (1992). From ethnocentrism to collective protest: Responses to relative deprivation and threats to social identity. (1987). Economic, life, and disorder changes: Time-series analyses. The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Wheaton, B. Turner, R. J., & Marino, F. (1994). The effects of women’s employment: Personal control and sex differences in mental health. (1993). (1978). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. A third challenge to conventional health inequality research comes from recent development in critical theory, feminism and post-colonial research. Giordano, P. C., Cernkovich, S. A., & Pugh, M. D. (1986). Dahl, E, Bergsli, H, van der Wel, KA. The Scandinavian Journal of Public Health has published several special issues during the last three years dedicated to what we argue is the key challenge of public health today, as well as to our societies as a whole, namely social inequalities in health. Societies can be stratified on any number of dimensions. (1983). Uncle Tom and Mr. Charlie: Metaphysical pathos in the study of racism and personal disorganization. Spenner, K. I. Rosenberg, M. (1981). The study of coping: An overview of problems and directions. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Centre for Global Health Inequalities Research (CHAIN), Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. How families manage risk and opportunity in dangerous neighborhoods. Welfare: Views from the bottom. In R. C. Barnett, L. Biener, & G. K. Baruch (Eds.). Rather, it is about generating and synthesising knowledge from a variety of sources, and using this knowledge to construct powerful and persuasive explanations facilitating effective and lasting social change. Later the same year, we published a supplement addressing the increasing inequalities internationally after the economic recession [4], and we dedicated the final issue of 2017 to sir Michael Marmot, who has fought health inequalities globally for several decades [5]. In D. Levine (Ed. Not affiliated Societies can be stratified on any number of dimensions. In the current issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, we therefore address two key causal debates within the field of health inequality research, and suggest how these may be transcended through a broader and more interdisciplinary research program. The macroeconomic context of job stress. (1992). Although individuals may support or fight inequalities, social stratification is created and supported by society as a whole through values and norms and consistently durable systems of stratification. (1974). Can social epidemiology contribute to a better world? In R. A. Hinde & J. Stevenson-Hinde (Eds.). Pollitt, E. (1994). Social inequality is the state of unequal distribution of valued goods and opportunities. Beyond the looking-glass self: Social structure and efficacy-based self-esteem. Mattlin, J. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. (1991). Racial differences in physical and mental health: Socioeconomic status, stress and discrimination. Social stratification refers to differential access to resources, power, autonomy, and status across social groups. The ageing of our populations pose a great challenge for the traditional welfare state, due to the increasing old-age dependency ratio and the pressure it puts on the health and long-term care systems (Jørgensen et al, this issue). Socioeconomic status and early adolescent self-esteem. (1987). As with most social things, health inequality is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon, which resists easy explanation. Standards of proof and social determinants of health, Politics is nothing but medicine at a larger scale: reflections on public health's biggest idea, Report on the typhus epidemic in Upper Silesia, Background and introduction. Fenwick, R., & Tausig, M. (1994). The February issue of 2018 addressed the role of theory in health inequality research, the relationship between socio-political context and health [6], and it also highlighted the recent turn in social epidemiology towards studying the impact of institutional arrangements, social policy and political context on population health [7]. Social class and adolescents’ self-esteem: Another look. Dollard, J., Doob, L. W., Miller, N. E., Mowrer, O. H., & Sears, R. R. (1939). (1985). Belle, D. (1982). Massey, D. S., Condran, G. A., & Denton, N. A. Doing justice to this complexity requires a methodological and theoretical pluralism, and a willingness to engage across fields, which all too often has been pitted against each other (for example sociology and biology).